There are many causes for infertility in men and women. In over a third of infertility cases, the problem is with the man. This is most often due to problems with his sperm production or with sperm delivery. Fortunately, there are many safe and effective therapies that significantly improve your chances of getting pregnant.
What causes male infertility?
Infertility can be caused by problems that affect sperm production or how the sperm travels. There are medical tests that can help work out the cause.
3. Age: The assumption that men can reproduce into advanced age is totally untrue. After 35, the reproductive potential of men drops sharply, as DNA in the nucleus fragments. After the age of 40, the likelihood of men fathering a child without genetic mutations declines 11 percent every year.
4. Overexposure to certain environmental factors, such as pesticides and other chemicals, and radiation. Cigarette smoking, alcohol, marijuana, anabolic steroids, and taking medications to treat bacterial infections, high blood pressure and depression also can affect fertility. Frequent exposure to heat, such as in saunas or hot tubs, can raise body temperature and may affect sperm production.
5. Supplements and steroids: Food supplements should not be used without physician or professional advice regarding impact on health and fertility. Testosterone injections and other steroid preparations can severely harm sperm production. Excess of coffee drinking can also have an influence, particularly if there is an underlying fertility problem. (read more here)
Although most types of infertility aren’t preventable in men, these strategies may help:
Avoid drug and tobacco use and drinking too much alcohol, which may contribute to male infertility.
Avoid high temperatures found in hot tubs and hot baths, as they can temporarily affect sperm production and motility.
Avoid exposure to industrial or environmental toxins, which can affect sperm production.
Limit medications that may impact fertility, both prescription and non-prescription drugs. Talk with your doctor about any medications you take regularly, but don’t stop taking prescription medications without medical advice.
Exercise moderately. Regular exercise may improve sperm quality and increase the chances for achieving a pregnancy.
How is male infertility treated?
Download my FREE IVF guide
Turn your IVF Treatment into a positive and empowering journey by choosing the right professionals to support you and your loved ones. Sign up for our list and download FREE IVF Guide to choosing the best Reproductive Endocrinologist for your IVF Treatment.