Toxic Foods in Pregnancy

Jul 21, 2022 | Fertility, Fertility Nutrition, IVF

Pregnancy is a good time to create healthy habits, because the baby depends on your nutrition. As important as the nutrition of the little one is to prepare your body for the marathon ahead: to endure the few hours of sleep and the intense activity in the first months with a newborn requires a lot of mental and physical disposition.

The diet of the mother-to-be has a huge bearing on the health of the developing baby and its quality of life in the future. The diet of the pregnant woman should be complete, balanced, varied, safe, and adapted to her needs and stages of pregnancy.

Although energy and nutrient needs increase during pregnancy, one should not “eat for two. Ideally, you should eat five to six meals a day. Two to three main meals and two to three snacks according to your routines.
And very important recommendation: do not go more than 3 hours without eating, because it is important to maintain blood sugar levels.

Special Care to Have With Food During Pregnancy


Special care in the hygiene of hands and kitchen utensils after handling raw meat;
Consume raw fruit and vegetables only after being well washed; do not consume undercooked meat.


Frequently infected foods: unpasteurized milk and milk products; raw and undercooked fish and meat; pre-prepared meals; unwashed or uncooked raw fruits and vegetables;
Special care in the hygiene of hands, utensils, and refrigerators.


Common in poultry and eggs, being transmitted by eating food contaminated with animal feces, so the importance of cooking food very well;
Avoid dishes with eggs that are not cooked – mayonnaise, mousses, etc.;
Cook poultry and eggs very well, so that the yolk and white become solid.


Contamination from eating undercooked meat or consuming unpasteurized dairy products such as milk, cheese, and ice cream.

Foods that should be avoided by pregnant women

Fish with high mercury content

Mercury is a highly toxic element. In higher amounts, it can be toxic to the nervous system, immune system, and kidneys. It can also cause serious developmental problems in children.
Fish such as tuna, mackerel, swordfish, shark, and grouper should be avoided during pregnancy.


Raw fish and seafood

Avoid eating raw shellfish such as oysters, clams, and mussels. They contain harmful bacteria, viruses, and toxins that can make you sick.
Raw fish, especially shellfish, can cause various infections. These can be viral, bacterial, or parasitic, such as norovirus, Vibrio, Salmonella, and Listeria.


Raw or undercooked meats

Raw or undercooked meats are foods that should be avoided by pregnant women because they may be contaminated with some bacteria, which can cause miscarriage and premature birth, or with diseases such as cysticercosis, which can affect the nervous system and impair brain function.

Canned food, sausages, and cold meats

These are also included in the list of foods that should be avoided by pregnant women. You should avoid cold meats, such as sausages and hams. They can also carry bacteria, which can move quickly from the mother to the placenta, causing serious complications, including fetal death.

Eating processed foods during pregnancy can increase the risk of excess weight gain, gestational diabetes, and complications.


Milk, unpasteurized cheese

These foods can contain a variety of harmful bacteria, including Listeria , Salmonella , E. coli and Campylobacter .
These infections can have life-threatening consequences for the fetus.


Raw or undercooked eggs

Also on the list of foods that should be avoided by pregnant women are raw eggs or any foods containing raw eggs because of the potential exposure to salmonella, which can lead to illness and an increased risk of premature birth or stillbirth.



Poorly washed fruits and vegetables

The surface of unwashed or peeled fruits and vegetables may be contaminated with various bacteria and parasites. These include Toxoplasma , E. coli , Salmonella and Listeria, which can be acquired from the soil or through handling.
The bacteria can harm the mother and the fetus.


Caffeine is the most commonly used psychoactive substance in the world and is found mainly in coffee, tea, soft drinks and cocoa.
Caffeine is absorbed very quickly and passes easily into the placenta and fetus. High caffeine intake during pregnancy has been shown to restrict fetal growth and increase the risk of low birth weight at delivery.

Alcoholic Beverages

Pregnant women should not drink alcohol. Drinking alcohol can cause a risk of miscarriage, premature birth, stillbirth, fetal alcohol syndrome, growth retardation, and heart defects.

To maintain a healthy diet, at any stage of life, is to know how to listen to the body’s signals (hunger and satiety!) and prioritize natural, fresh foods. Not only during pregnancy but also to keep the little ones healthy and nourished.

A diet rich in fruits and vegetables, with healthy proteins and the most important nutrients for pregnancy, will be your greatest ally.

Bet on a balanced diet!

Adoption in same-sex families

Once, the couple determines that adoption is appropriate they need to do some research on adoption possibilities.

Gay couples can explore all avenues of adoption, including adoption in an orphanage, traditional adoption, and international adoption.

As with heterosexual couples who wish to adopt, the adoption agency will request an adoption profile. The profile should include details about their life, home, reasons for wanting a child, and plans for how they will raise a child, along with photographs that clearly illustrate the type of home and lifestyle the adopted child would be entering.

There is to the later an adoption home study is one of the first hurdles in any adoption process. While the procedure can vary, a home study usually involves someone from an adoption agency visiting the family and the home to conduct a personal interview and examine the home to determine if it is a safe and stable environment to bring a child into.


However, there are different ways in the adoption process for some couples.

It is common that one partner adopts and the second then applies to the court as a second parent or co-parent. A couple does not need to be in a legally recognized relationship to seek a second-parent adoption, which makes it an attractive option for gay couples who choose not to marry or enter into a civil union.

Second-parent adoption is also common when one partner already has a child upon entering the relationship and the other wants to become the child’s father.


Child welfare 


Gay and lesbian groups tend to show positive results, while religious or conservative groups usually indicate negative results.

Many of the concerns revolve around understanding sexual orientation and establishing whether children will develop emotional problems from having gay parents.

However, there are no studies showing that children of gay or lesbian parents are disadvantaged in any significant way.

In indicators such as “emotional behavior” and “physical functioning”, Australian researchers found no differences between children in homo and hetero parental contexts, stressing that the qualities of education and the economic well-being of families are more important than the sexual orientation of parents.

On the other hand, “children living in homosexual families scored on average 6% better on two indicators: general health and family cohesion.


Same-sex parents can be good parents, just as heterosexual parents can be good. 

What is at issue is the couple’s ability to raise the child, and their ability to protect the child in their daily lives. To support them during their life journey and above all to love them unconditionally. 

The fact that the child is in a homosexual environment will not make the child behave less ethically or with less respect. 

It is up to our society to open its mind to these families who have as much love to give as heterosexual families. 

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